- (بشخص أو بطريقة) يظهر القليل من الاهتمام بمشاعر الآخرين؛ صارِم. صفة:
Her abrasive and arrogant personal style won her few friends.
أسلوبها الشخصي الكاشطة والمتعجرف أكسبها القليل من الأصدقاء.
The quality of her work is abysmal.
جودة عملها سيئة.
- منع النجاح أو التطور ؛ ضار؛ غير ملائمة. صفة:
Taxes are having an adverse effect on production.
الضرائب لها تأثير سلبي على الإنتاج.
Our countryside is disappearing at an alarming rate.
ريفنا يختفي بمعدل ينذر بالخطر.
- الشعور أو إظهار الانزعاج الشديد أو الاستياء أو العداء ؛ كامل من الغضب. صفة:
An angry customer.
- تهيج (شخص ما) ؛ تجعل (شخصًا ما) يغضب قليلاً. الفعل:
Your damned cheerfulness has always annoyed me.
لطالما أزعجني بهجك اللعين.
- الشعور بالقلق أو القلق أو العصبية ، عادةً بشأن حدث وشيك أو شيء له نتيجة غير مؤكدة. صفة:
She was extremely anxious about her exams.
كانت قلقة للغاية بشأن امتحاناتها.
- الرغبة الشديدة في شيء ما ، عادة مع الشعور بعدم الارتياح. صفة:
The company was anxious to avoid any trouble.
كانت الشركة حريصة على تجنب أي مشكلة.
- إظهار أو الشعور بعدم الاهتمام أو الحماس أو القلق. صفة:
Apathetic slackers who don't vote.
الكسالى غير المبالين الذين لا يصوتون.
- عدم الاهتمام أو الحماس أو القلق. اسم:
Widespread apathy among students.
انتشار اللامبالاة بين الطلاب.
- التسبب في الصدمة أو الفزع. مروع. صفة:
The cat suffered appalling injuries during the attack.
أصيب القط بجروح مروعة خلال الهجوم.
- سيء جدا أو غير سارة. صفة:
The place smelled awful.
المكان كريه الرائحة.
- يستخدم للتأكيد على مدى شيء ما ، وخاصة الشيء غير السار أو السلبي. صفة:
I've made an awful fool of myself.
لقد جعلت من نفسي أحمق مروع.
- ذات جودة رديئة أو ذات مستوى منخفض. صفة:
A bad diet.
نظام غذائي سيء.
- ليس مثل المأمول أو المطلوب ؛ غير سارة أو غير مرحب به. صفة:
- عدم التقيد بمعايير الفضيلة الأخلاقية أو السلوك المقبول. صفة:
The bad guys.
- (من جزء من الجسد) مصاب أو مريض أو مؤلم. صفة:
A bad back.
- تحلل (الغذاء) ؛ فاسد. صفة:
Everything in the fridge went bad.
كل شيء في الثلاجة أصبح سيئًا.
- نادم أو مذنب أو خجل من شيء ما. صفة:
She feels bad about ending their engagement.
إنها تشعر بالسوء حيال إنهاء خطوبتهما.
- لا قيمة له؛ غير صحيح. صفة:
He ran up 87 bad checks.
لقد أجرى 87 فحصًا سيئًا.
- يفتقر إلى الأصالة حتى يكون واضحًا ومملًا. صفة:
Songs with banal, repeated words.
الأغاني ذات الكلمات المبتذلة والمتكررة.
- وجود انتقادات لاذعة. صفة:
- أعرب عن استيائك أو حزنك في شيء ما. فعل:
It was no use bemoaning her lot.
لم يكن من المفيد التحسر عليها كثيرًا.
- تحت شيء ما، أو في وضع أقل من شيء ما. حرف جر الظرف:
He hid the letter beneath a pile of papers.
أخفى الرسالة تحت كومة من الأوراق.
- تعريض (بلد المرء أو مجموعة أو شخص) للخطر من خلال تقديم معلومات غادرة إلى عدو. فعل:
A double agent who betrayed some 400 British and French agents to the Germans.
عميل مزدوج خان حوالي 400 عميل بريطاني وفرنسي للألمان.
- غير مثير للاهتمام ؛ مملة. صفة:
I've got a boring job in an office.
لقد حصلت على وظيفة مملة في مكتب.
- كسر أو تلف ولم يعد في قطعة واحدة أو في حالة عمل. صفة:
He had a broken arm.
- (من شخص) فقد كل أمل؛ اليأس. صفة:
He went to his grave a broken man.
ذهب إلى قبره رجلاً محطمًا.
- وجود فواصل أو ثغرات في الاستمرارية. صفة:
A broken white line across the road.
خط أبيض متقطع عبر الطريق.
- وجود سطح غير متساوٍ وخشن. صفة:
- إظهار تجاهل غير حساس وقاسي للآخرين أو وجوده. صفة:
His callous comments about the murder made me shiver.
تعليقاته القاسية على القتل جعلتني أرتجف.
- حديث منافق وقديس، عادة ما يكون ذا طبيعة أخلاقية أو دينية أو سياسية. اسم:
He had no time for the cant of the priests about sin"
لم يكن لديه وقت لعدم قدرة الكهنة على الخطيئة "
- لغة خاصة بفئة معينة أو مهنة معينة وتنظر باستخفاف. اسم:
لا يستطيع اللصوص.
- الحديث النفاق والخشوع عن شيء ما. الفعل:
If they'd stop canting about “honest work,” they might get somewhere.
إذا توقفوا عن عدم التردد بشأن "العمل الصادق" ، فقد يصلون إلى مكان ما.
- محرج في الحركة أو في التعامل مع الأشياء. صفة:
The cold made his fingers clumsy.
البرد جعل أصابعه خرقاء.
- (لشخص أو لخطابه) وقح أو فظ أو مبتذل. صفة:
A man of coarse speech.
رجل خشن الكلام.
- درجة حرارة منخفضة أو منخفضة نسبيًا، خاصة عند مقارنتها بجسم الإنسان. صفة
A freezing cold day.
يوم بارد شديد البرودة.
- الافتقار إلى المودة أو دفء الشعور ؛ غير عاطفي. صفة:
How cold and calculating he was.
كم كان باردًا وحسابًا.
- (لرائحة أو أثر شخص أو حيوان مطارد) لم يعد طازجًا وسهل المتابعة. صفة:
The trail went cold.
أصبح المسار غير سهل.
- بدون تحضير أو بروفة. على حين غرة. صفة:
Going into the test cold.
الذهاب إلى الاختبار بدون تجهيز.
- انخفاض درجة الحرارة خاصة في الغلاف الجوي. طقس بارد؛ بيئة باردة. اسم:
My teeth chattered with the cold.
اصطدمت أسناني بالبرد.
- عدوى فيروسية شائعة يلتهب فيها الغشاء المخاطي للأنف والحنجرة ، مما يؤدي عادةً إلى الجري في الأنف والعطس والتهاب الحلق وأعراض أخرى مماثلة. اسم:
Suzie's got a cold.
سوزي مصابة بنزلة برد.
- يفتقر إلى المودة أو الدفء ؛ عديم الشعور. صفة:
A cold-hearted thief stole a bag full of Christmas presents.
سرق لص قاس القلب حقيبة مليئة بهدايا عيد الميلاد.
- (من هيكل) تسقط أو في ؛ افسح الطريق. الفعل:
The roof collapsed on top of me.
انهار السقف فوقي.
- (من شخص) يسقط ويصبح فاقدًا للوعي ، عادةً من خلال المرض أو الإصابة. الفعل:
He collapsed from loss of blood.
انهار من فقدان الدم.
- فشل (مؤسسة أو تعهد) فجأة وبشكل كامل. الفعل
In the face of such resolve his opposition finally collapsed.
في مواجهة مثل هذا العزم ، انهارت معارضته أخيرًا.
- مثال على سقوط هيكل أو دخوله. اسم:
The collapse of a railroad bridge.
انهيار جسر للسكك الحديدية.
- (من شخص) غير قادر على التفكير بوضوح؛ مذهول. صفة:
She was utterly confused about what had just happened.
كانت مرتبكة تمامًا بشأن ما حدث للتو.
- متعارضة أو غير متسقة. صفة:
The two attitudes are contradictory.
- ج: عكس الطبيعة أو الاتجاه أو المعنى. صفة:
He ignored contrary advice and agreed on the deal.
تجاهل النصيحة المخالفة ووافق على الصفقة.
- يميل بشكل منحرف إلى الاختلاف أو القيام بعكس ما هو متوقع أو مرغوب. صفة:
She is sulky and contrary where her work is concerned.
إنها مبتذلة ومتناقضة فيما يتعلق بعملها.
The magazine has proved that the contrary is true.
وقد أثبتت المجلة أن العكس هو الصحيح.
- القدرة على التأثير أو توجيه سلوك الناس أو مسار الأحداث. اسم:
The whole operation is under the control of a production manager.
العملية برمتها تحت سيطرة مدير الإنتاج.
- ضع في الاعتبار (عامل غريب قد يؤثر على النتائج) عند إجراء تجربة. الفعل:
No attempt was made to control for variations.
لم يتم إجراء أي محاولة للتحكم في الاختلافات.
The corrosive effects of salt water.
الآثار المدمرة للمياه المالحة.
- أ: امتلاك أو إظهار الرغبة في التصرف بطريقة غير شريفة مقابل مال أو مكاسب شخصية. صفة:
Unscrupulous logging companies assisted by corrupt officials.
شركات قطع الأخشاب عديمة الضمير بمساعدة مسؤولين فاسدين.
- ب: (نص أو قاعدة بيانات حاسوبية أو برنامج) جعلته أخطاء أو تعديلات غير موثوقة. صفة:
A progressively corrupt magnetic record is usable nonetheless.
ومع ذلك، يمكن استخدام السجل المغناطيسي الفاسد تدريجياً.
- ت: (من مادة عضوية أو غير عضوية) في حالة تحلل ؛ فاسد أو متعفن. صفة:
A corrupt and rotting corpse.
جثة فاسدة متعفنة.
- التسبب في التصرف بطريقة غير شريفة مقابل مال أو مكاسب شخصية. الفعل:
There is a continuing fear of firms corrupting politicians in the search for contracts.
هناك مخاوف مستمرة من إفساد الشركات للسياسيين في البحث عن العقود.
- التغيير أو الحط من خلال ارتكاب أخطاء أو تعديلات غير مقصودة. الفعل
Epicurus's teachings have since been much corrupted.
لقد تعرضت تعاليم أبيقور للتلف منذ ذلك الحين.
The corrupting smell of death.
رائحة الموت الفاسدة.
- مختل عقلياً، خاصة إذا ظهر بطريقة جامحة أو عدوانية. صفة غير رسمية:
Stella went crazy and assaulted a visitor.
أصيبت ستيلا بالجنون واعتدت على زائر.
- متحمس للغاية. صفة غير رسمية:
I'm crazy about Cindy.
أنا مجنون بسيندي.
- (بزاوية) الظهور بشكل سخيف في غير محله أو في وضع غير محتمل. صفة غير رسمية:
The monument leaned at a crazy angle.
انحنى النصب بزاوية مجنونة.
- التسبب في شعور مزعج بالخوف أو عدم الارتياح. صفة غير رسمية:
The creepy feelings one often gets in a strange house.
المشاعر المخيفة التي يشعر بها المرء غالبًا في منزل غريب.
These men are dangerous criminals.
هؤلاء الرجال مجرمون خطيرون.
They are charged with conspiracy to commit criminal damage.
ووجهت إليهم تهمة التآمر لارتكاب ضرر جنائي.
- تعمد إحداث ألم أو معاناة للآخرين، أو عدم الشعور بالقلق حيال ذلك. صفة:
People who are cruel to animals.
الناس الذين هم قساة على الحيوانات.
- تذرف الدموع، عادة كتعبير عن الضيق أو الألم أو الحزن. الفعل:
Don't cry—it'll be all right.
لا تبكي - سيكون كل شيء على ما يرام.
- الصراخ أو الخوف، عادة للتعبير عن الخوف أو الألم أو الحزن. الفعل:
The center forward cried in pain as he went down under the challenge.
بكى المهاجم من الألم عندما سقط تحت التحدي.
- صراخ أو صرخة عالية غير مفصلية تعبر عن شعور أو عاطفة قوية. اسم:
A cry of despair.
I still have a cry, sometimes, when I realize that my mother is dead.
ما زلت أبكي، أحيانًا، عندما أدرك أن والدتي ماتت.
The cutting of the cake.
- قطعة مقطوعة عن شيء ما، وخاصة ما يتبقى عند تقليم شيء ما أو تحضيره. اسم:
- قادر على قطع شيء ما. صفة:
The cutting blades of the hedge trimmer.
شفرات القطع من أداة تشذيب السياج.
- الأذى الجسدي الذي يلحق بشيء على نحو يضر بقيمته أو فائدته أو وظيفته الطبيعية. اسم:
Bombing caused extensive damage to the town.
تسبب القصف بأضرار جسيمة في المدينة.
- مبلغ من المال مطالب به أو مُنح تعويضاً عن خسارة أو إصابة. اسم:
She was awarded $284,000 in damages.
حصلت على 284000 دولار كتعويض.
- إلحاق الأذى الجسدي (بشيء) بما ينال من قيمته أو فائدته أو وظيفته الطبيعية. الفعل:
The car was badly damaged in the accident.
تعرضت السيارة لأضرار بالغة في الحادث.
New cars are less damaging to the environment.
السيارات الجديدة أقل ضررا على البيئة.
Pirates and their dastardly deeds.
القراصنة وأفعالهم الغادرة.
A dead body.
- (مكان أو زمان) يتسم بقلة النشاط أو الإثارة. صفة:
Brussels isn't dead after dark, if you know where to look.
بروكسل ليست ميتة بعد حلول الظلام، إذا كنت تعرف أين تبحث.
- لم تعد حالية أو ذات صلة أو مهمة. صفة:
Pollution had become a dead issue.
أصبح التلوث قضية ميتة.
You're dead right.
أنت ميت حق.
- التعفن أو التحلل من خلال عمل البكتيريا والفطريات. صفة:
The odor of decaying fish.
رائحة الأسماك المتعفنة.
45. Deformed: (of a person or part of the body) not having the normal or natural shape or form; misshapen. adjective
His deformed hands.
A: State that one refuses to admit the truth or existence of. verb
They deny any responsibility for the tragedy.
B: Refuse to give or grant (something requested or desired) to (someone). verbThe inquiry was denied access to intelligence sources.
47. Deplorable: Deserving strong condemnation. adjective
The deplorable conditions in which most prisoners are held.
48. Depressed: Very sad, often for a long time. adjectiveShe’s been very depressed since her marriage broke up.
49. Deprived: Suffering a severe and damaging lack of basic material and cultural benefits.adjective
The charity cares for destitute and deprived children.
50. Despicable: Deserving hatred and contempt. adjective
A despicable crime.
51. Detrimental: Tending to cause harm. adjective
Moving her could have a detrimental effect on her health.
A: Covered or marked with an unclean substance. adjectiveA tray of dirty cups and saucers.
B: Make dirty. verb
She didn't like him dirtying her nice clean towels.
53. Disappointed: (of a person) sad or displeased because someone or something has failed to fulfill one's hopes or expectations. adjective
I'm disappointed in you, Mary.
54. Disease: A disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury. noun
Bacterial meningitis is a rare disease.
55. Disgusting: Arousing revulsion or strong indignation. adjective
He had the most disgusting rotten teeth.
56. Disheveled: (of a person's hair, clothes, or appearance) untidy; disordered. adjective
A man with long disheveled hair.
57. Dishonest: Behaving or prone to behave in an untrustworthy or fraudulent way. adjective
He was a dishonest hypocrite prepared to exploit his family.
58. Dishonorable: Bringing shame or disgrace on someone or something. adjective
His crimes are petty and dishonorable.
59. Dishonorable: Bringing shame or disgrace on someone or something. adjective
His crimes are petty and dishonorable.
60. Dismal: Depressing; dreary. adjective
The dismal weather made the late afternoon seem like evening.
A: Extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain. noun
To his distress he saw that she was trembling.
B: Cause (someone) anxiety, sorrow, or pain. verb
I didn't mean to distress you.
C: Give (furniture, leather, or clothing) simulated marks of age and wear. verbThe manner in which leather jackets are industrially distressed.
62. Don’t: Short form of "do not"Please don’t talk during the exam.
63. Dreadful: Causing or involving great suffering, fear, or unhappiness; extremely bad or serious. adjective
There's been a dreadful accident.
64. Dreary: Dull, bleak, and lifeless; depressing. adjective
The dreary routine of working, eating, and trying to sleep.
65. Embarrassed: Feeling or showing embarrassment. adjective
An embarrassed silence.
66. Enraged: Very angry; furious. adjective
An enraged mob screamed abuse.
67. Erode: To rub or be rubbed away gradually. verb
Wind and rain have eroded the statues into shapeless lumps of stone.
A: Profoundly immoral and wicked. adjective
His evil deeds.
B: Profound immorality and wickedness, especially when regarded as a supernatural force. noun
The world is stalked by relentless evil.
A: Be unsuccessful in achieving one's goal. verbHe failed in his attempt to secure election.
B: Neglect to do something. verbThe firm failed to give adequate risk warnings.
C: Break down; cease to work well. verbA truck whose brakes had failed.
70. Faulty: Working badly or unreliably because of imperfections. adjective
A car with faulty brakes.
A: An unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or something is dangerous, likely to cause pain, or a threat. noun
He is prey to irrational fears.
B: Be afraid of (someone or something) as likely to be dangerous, painful, or threatening. verbFarmers fear that they will lose business.
72. Feeble: Lacking physical strength, especially as a result of age or illness. adjective
My legs are very feeble after the flu.
A: Take part in a violent struggle involving the exchange of physical blows or the use of weapons. verbThe men were fighting.
B: A violent confrontation or struggle. noun
We'll get into a fight and wind up with bloody noses.
A: Disgustingly dirty. adjectiveA filthy hospital with no sanitation.
B: To an extreme and often disgusting extent. adverb informalHe has become filthy rich.
A: Offensive to the senses, especially through having a disgusting smell or taste or being unpleasantly soiled. adjectiveA foul odor.
B: Wicked or immoral. adjectiveMurder most foul.
C: Containing or charged with noxious matter; polluted. adjectiveFoul, swampy water.
D: (of the weather) wet and stormy. adjectiveHe walked in fair and foul weather.
E: Disease in the feet of cattle. noun
He was indeed suffering from foul of the foot.
F: Make foul or dirty; pollute. verb
Factories that fouled the atmosphere.
G: Collide with or obstruct. verbThe ships became overcrowded and fouled each other.
76. Frighten: Make (someone) afraid or anxious. verb
The savagery of his thoughts frightened him.
77. Frightful: Used to emphasize what you are saying, especially how bad something is. adjective
The weather outside was frightful.
78. Gawky: Nervously awkward and ungainly. adjective
A gawky teenager.
A: Causing great horror or fear; frightful or macabre. adjectiveShe was overcome with horror at the ghastly spectacle.
B: Extremely unwell. adjectiveHe always felt ghastly first thing in the morning.
C: Very objectionable, bad, or unpleasant. adjective informal
We had to wear ghastly old-fashioned dresses.
A: A place of burial for a dead body, typically a hole dug in the ground and marked by a stone or mound. noun
The coffin was lowered into the grave.
B: Giving cause for alarm; serious. adjectiveA matter of grave concern.
81. Greed: Intense and selfish desire for something, especially wealth, power, or food. noun
Mercenaries who had allowed greed to overtake their principles.
82. Grim: Forbidding or uninviting. adjective
His grim expression.
A: An ugly, twisted expression on a person's face, typically expressing disgust, pain, or wry amusement. noun
She gave a grimace of pain.
B: Make a grimace. verb
I sipped the coffee and grimaced.
A: (especially of wrongdoing) very obvious and unacceptable; blatant. adjectiveGross human rights abuses.
B: Very rude or coarse; vulgar. adjectiveThe duties we felt called upon to perform toward our inferiors were only gross, material ones.
A: Comically or repulsively ugly or distorted. adjectiveGrotesque facial distortions.
B: A very ugly or comically distorted figure, creature, or image. noun
The rods are carved in the form of a series of gargoyle faces and grotesques.
86. Gruesome: Causing repulsion or horror; grisly. adjective
A most gruesome murder.
87. Guilty: Culpable of or responsible for a specified wrongdoing. adjective
He was found guilty of manslaughter.
88. Haggard: Looking exhausted and unwell, especially from fatigue, worry, or suffering.adjective
I trailed on behind, haggard and disheveled.
A: Solid, firm, and rigid; not easily broken, bent, or pierced. adjectiveA hard mattress.
B: Done with a great deal of force or strength. adjectiveA hard blow to the head.
C: Requiring a great deal of endurance or effort. adjectiveStooping over all day was hard work.
90. Hard-hearted: Incapable of being moved to pity or tenderness; unfeeling. adjective
Only the most hard-hearted man would not have offered comfort.
91. Harmful: Causing or likely to cause harm. adjective
Sugars that can be harmful to the teeth.
A: Feel intense or passionate dislike for (someone). verb
The boys hate each other.
B: Intense or passionate dislike. noun
Feelings of hate and revenge.
93. Hideous: Ugly or disgusting to look at. adjective
His smile made him look more hideous than ever.
94. Homely: (of a person) ugly. adjective
The man was homely and overweight.
95. Horrendous: Extremely unpleasant, horrifying, or terrible. adjective
She suffered horrendous injuries.
96. Horrible: Causing or likely to cause horror; shocking. adjective
A horrible massacre.
97. Hostile: Unfriendly; antagonistic. adjective
A hostile audience.
A: Cause physical pain or injury to. verb
Ow! You're hurting me!
B: Physically injured. adjectiveHe complained of a hurt leg and asked his trainer to stop the fight.
C: Physical injury; harm. noun
Rolling properly into a fall minimizes hurt.
99. Hurtful: Causing distress to someone's feelings. adjective
His hurtful remarks.
100. Icky: Unpleasant, especially to look at. adjective informal
An icky shade of green.
101. Ignorant: Lacking knowledge or awareness in general; uneducated or unsophisticated.adjective
He was told constantly that he was ignorant and stupid.
102. Ignore: Refuse to take notice of or acknowledge; disregard intentionally. verb
He ignored her outraged question.
103. Ill: Not feeling well, or suffering from a disease. adjective
I felt ill so I went home.
104. Immature: Not fully developed. adjective
Many of the fish caught are immature.
A: Having or showing a tendency to be quickly irritated or provoked. adjectiveAn impatient motorist blaring his horn.
B: Restlessly eager. adjectiveThey are impatient for change.
106. Imperfect: Not perfect; faulty or incomplete. adjective
An imperfect grasp of English.
107. Impossible: Not able to occur, exist, or be done. adjective
A seemingly impossible task.
108. Inane: Silly; stupid. adjective
Don't constantly badger people with inane questions.
109. Inelegant: Having or showing a lack of physical grace, elegance, or refinement. adjective
He came skidding to an inelegant halt.
A: Relating to or characteristic of hell or the underworld. adjectiveThe infernal regions.
B: Irritating and tiresome (used for emphasis). Informal adjective
You're an infernal nuisance.
111. Injure: Do physical harm or damage to (someone). verb
The explosion injured several people.
112. Injurious: Causing or likely to cause damage or harm. adjective
High temperature is injurious to mangoes.
113. Insane: In a state of mind which prevents normal perception, behavior, or social interaction; seriously mentally ill. adjective
He had gone insane.
114. Insidious: Proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with harmful effects. adjective
Sexually transmitted diseases can be insidious and sometimes without symptoms.
115. Insipid: Lacking flavor. adjective
Mugs of insipid coffee.
116. Jealous: Feeling or showing envy of someone or their achievements and advantages.adjective
He grew jealous of her success.
117. Junky: Variant spelling of junkie. noun informal
The toilets are often used by junkies who leave their needles lying around on the floor.
A: Be deprived of or cease to have or retain (something). verb I've lost my appetite.
B: Become unable to find (something or someone). verb I've lost the car keys.
C: Fail to win (a game or contest). verb They lost by one vote.
D: Earn less (money) than one is spending or has spent. verb The paper is losing $500,000 a month.
E: Waste or fail to take advantage of (time or an opportunity). verb They lost every chance to score in the first inning.
119. Lousy: Very poor or bad; disgusting. adjective informal. The service is usually lousy.
120. Lumpy: Full of or covered with lumps. adjective
He lay on the lumpy mattress.
121. Malicious: Characterized by malice; intending or intended to do harm. adjective
The transmission of malicious software such as computer viruses.
122. Mean: Unkind, spiteful, or unfair. adjective
It was very mean of me.
123. Menacing: Suggesting the presence of danger; threatening. adjective
A menacing tone of voice.
A: Untidy or dirty. adjectiveHis messy hair.
B: (of a situation) confused and difficult to deal with. adjectiveA messy divorce.
125. Misshapen: Not having the normal or natural shape or form. adjective
126. Missing: (of a thing) not able to be found because it is not in its expected place. adjectiveA quantity of cash has gone missing.
127. Misunderstood: Incorrectly interpreted or understood. adjective
He is one of football's most misunderstood men.
A: A long, low sound made by a person expressing physical or mental suffering or sexual pleasure. noun
She gave a low moan of despair.
B: Make a long, low sound expressing physical or mental suffering or sexual pleasure. verb
Just then their patient moaned and opened his eyes.
129. Moldy: Covered with a fungal growth that causes decay, due to age or damp conditions.adjective
130. Monstrous: Having the ugly or frightening appearance of a monster. adjective
Monstrous, bug-eyed fish.
131. Naive: (of a person or action) showing a lack of experience, wisdom, or judgment. adjective
The rather naive young man had been totally misled.
A: Highly unpleasant, especially to the senses; physically nauseating. adjectivePlastic bags burn with a nasty, acrid smell.
B: (of a person or animal) behaving in an unpleasant or spiteful way. adjectiveHarry was a nasty, foul-mouthed old devil.
C: Physically or mentally damaging or harmful. adjectiveA nasty, vicious-looking hatchet.
D: An unpleasant or harmful person or thing. noun informal
Bacteria and other nasties.
A: Especially of children) disobedient; badly behaved. adjectiveYou've been a really naughty boy.
B: Mildly rude or indecent, typically because related to sex. adjective informalB: Naughty goings-on.
A: Nullify; make ineffective. verb
Alcohol negates the effects of the drug.
B: Deny the existence of (something). verbNegating the political nature of education.
A: Expressing "no". adjective
We received a negative answer to our request.
B: A negative sentence or phrase is one that contains a word such as "not", "no", "never", or "nothing". adjectiveI've never seen him in my life" is a negative sentence.
A: Used before the first of two (or occasionally more) alternatives that are being specified (the others being introduced by “nor”) to indicate that they are each untrue or each do not happen. adverbUnlike her friends, she is neither a snob nor a gossip.
B: Used to introduce a further negative statement. adverb
He didn't remember, and neither did I.
C: Not the one nor the other of two people or things. pronoun
Neither of us believes it.
137. Never: Not at any time or not on any occasion. adverb We've never been to Australia.
138. No: Not any; not one; not a. determinerThere's no butter left.
139. No one: No person; not a single person. pronoun
No one came.
A: No person; no one. pronounNobody was at home.
B: A person of no importance or authority. nounThey went from nobodies to superstars.
A: Lacking distinctive or interesting features or characteristics. adjective
She lived in a nondescript suburban apartment block.
B: A nondescript person or thing. noun
The nondescripts were straight out of the nine-to-five banking bureaucracy.
142. None: Not one (of a group of people or things), or not any. pronoun
None of my children has/have blonde hair.
A: Spoken or written words that have no meaning or make no sense. nounHe was talking absolute nonsense.
B: Foolish or unacceptable behavior. nounPut a stop to that nonsense, will you?
A: Used to form a negative phrase after verbs like "be", "can", "have", "will", "must", etc., usually used in the short form "n't" in speech. adverb
He's not fat!
B: Used to give the next word or group of words a negative meaning. adverbI told you not to do that.
C: Used after verbs like "be afraid", "hope", "suspect", etc. in short, negative replies. adverb"Is he coming with us?" "I hope not."
A: Not anything. pronoun
There's nothing in the drawer - I took everything out.
B: In no way. adverb
Mainly UK He had two letters of refusal but, nothing daunted (= not discouraged), he tried again.
C: Someone of no value or importance. noun
He's a nothing, a low-down, useless nobody.
A: In, at, or to no place; not anywhere. adverbNowhere does the article mention the names of the people involved.
B: Not in a successful or winning position. adverbThe horse I bet on finished nowhere.
147. Noxious: Harmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant. adjectiveThey were overcome by the noxious fumes.
148. Objectionable: Arousing distaste or opposition; unpleasant or offensive. adjective I find his theory objectionable in its racist undertones.
149. Odious: Extremely unpleasant; repulsive. adjective A pretty odious character.
A: Causing someone to feel deeply hurt, upset, or angry. adjectiveThe allegations made are deeply offensive to us.
B: Actively aggressive; attacking. adjectiveOffensive operations against the insurgents.
C: An attacking military campaign. nounAn impending military offensive against the guerrillas.
151. Old: Belonging only or chiefly to the past; former or previous. adjective
Valuation under the old rating system was inexact.
152. Oppressive: Unjustly inflicting hardship and constraint, especially on a minority or other subordinate group. adjective An oppressive dictatorship.
A: Physical suffering or discomfort caused by illness or injury. noun
She's in great pain.
B: Careful effort; great care or trouble. nounShe took pains to see that everyone ate well.
C: Cause mental or physical pain to. verbIt pains me to say this.
A: Make (someone) anxious or unsettled. verb
They were perturbed by her capricious behavior"
B: Subject (a system, moving object, or process) to an influence tending to alter its normal or regular state or path. technical
Nuclear weapons could be used to perturb the orbit of an asteroid.
155. Pessimistic: Tending to see the worst aspect of things or believe that the worst will happen. adjective He was pessimistic about the prospects.
A: Not important and not worth giving attention to. adjectivePrisoners complain that they are subjected to too many petty rules and restrictions.
B: Complaining too much about things that are not important. adjectiveDon't be so petty!
A: Not decorated or elaborate; simple or ordinary in character. adjectiveGood plain food.
B: Clearly; unequivocally (used for emphasis). noun
Perhaps the youth was just plain stupid.
158. Poisonous: (of a substance or plant) causing or capable of causing death or illness if taken into the body. adjective
A: Lacking sufficient money to live at a standard considered comfortable or normal in a society. adjectivePeople who were too poor to afford a telephone.
B: Worse than is usual, expected, or desirable; of a low or inferior standard or quality. adjectiveMany people are eating a very poor diet.
C: (of a person) considered to be deserving of pity or sympathy. adjectiveThey inquired after poor Dorothy's broken hip.
A: Preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience. noun
Prejudice against people from different backgrounds"
B: Harm or injury that results or may result from some action or judgment. Law nounPrejudice resulting from delay in the institution of the proceedings"
C: Give rise to prejudice in (someone); make biased. verb
The statement might prejudice the jury"
D: Cause harm to (a state of affairs). Law verbDelay is likely to prejudice the child's welfare.
161. Questionable: Doubtful as regards truth or quality. adjective It is questionable whether any of these exceptions is genuine.
162. Quirky: Characterized by peculiar or unexpected traits. adjective
Her sense of humor was decidedly quirky.
A: Leave (a place), usually permanently. verb
He was ordered to quit the cabin immediately.
B: Behave in a specified way. verbQuit yourselves like men, and fight.
C: Rid of. adjectiveI want to be quit of him.
A: Dismiss as inadequate, inappropriate, or not to one's taste. verb
Union negotiators rejected a 1.5 percent pay increase.
B: Person or thing dismissed as failing to meet standards or satisfy tastes. noun
Some of the team's rejects have gone on to prove themselves in championships.
165. Renege: Go back on a promise, undertaking, or contract. verb
Have reneged on their promises to us.
166. Repellent: Causing disgust or distaste. adjective
The idea was slightly repellent to her.
167. Reptilian: (of a person) deeply disliked and despised; repulsive. adjective
A reptilian villain with no redeeming features.
A: Extremely distasteful; unacceptable. adjectiveThe thought of going back into the fog was repugnant to him"
B: In conflict with; incompatible with. adjectiveA bylaw must not be repugnant to the general law of the country.
169. Repulsive: Arousing intense distaste or disgust. adjectiveA repulsive smell.
A: The action of inflicting hurt or harm on someone for an injury or wrong suffered at their hands. noun
Other spurned wives have taken public revenge on their husbands.
B: Inflict hurt or harm on someone for an injury or wrong done to (someone else). verb
It's a pity he chose that way to revenge his sister.
171. Revolting: Causing intense disgust; disgusting. adjective
There was a revolting smell that lingered in the air.
A: Tending to rock or shake; unsteady. adjectiveOlder types of sash windows are a bit rocky.
B: Difficult and full of obstacles or problems. adjectiveThe marriage seemingly got off to a rocky start.
A: Suffering from decay. adjectiveRotten eggs.
B: Very bad. informal adjectiveShe was a rotten cook.
C: To an extreme degree; very much. informal adverb
Your mother said that I spoiled you rotten.
174. Rude: Offensively impolite or ill-mannered. adjective
She had been rude to her boss.
175. Ruthless: Having or showing no pity or compassion for others. adjectiveA ruthless manipulator.
A: Feeling or showing sorrow; unhappy. adjectiveI was sad and subdued.
B: Pathetically inadequate or unfashionable. informal adjectiveThe show is tongue-in-cheek—anyone who takes it seriously is a bit sad.
A: (of an animal or force of nature) fierce, violent, and uncontrolled. adjectivePacks of savage dogs roamed the streets.
B: (of something bad or negative) very great; severe. adjectiveThe decision was a savage blow for the town.
C: A brutal or vicious person. noun
The mother of one of the victims has described his assailants as savages.
D: (especially of a dog or wild animal) attack ferociously and maul. verb
Ewes savaged by marauding dogs.
A: Cause great fear or nervousness in; frighten. verbI was scared stiff.
B: A sudden attack of fright. nounGosh, that gave me a scare!.
179. Scary: Frightening; causing fear. adjective informalA scary movie.
A: Give a long, loud, piercing cry or cries expressing excitement, great emotion, or pain. verb
They could hear him screaming in pain.
B: A long, loud, piercing cry expressing extreme emotion or pain. noun
They were awakened by screams for help.
A: (of something bad or undesirable) very great; intense. adjectiveA severe shortage of technicians.
B: Strict or harsh. adjectiveThe charges would have warranted a severe sentence.
182. Shocking: Causing indignation or disgust; offensive. adjective Shocking behavior.
A: Badly made or done. adjectiveWe're not paying good money for shoddy goods.
B:An inferior quality yarn or fabric made from the shredded fiber of waste woolen cloth or clippings. noun
The production of shoddy and mattress stuffing.
A: Affected by physical or mental illness. adjectiveNursing very sick children.
B: Feeling nauseous and wanting to vomit. adjectiveHe was starting to feel sick.
C: Intensely annoyed with or bored by (someone or something) as a result of having had too much of them. adjectiveI'm absolutely sick of your moods.
D: (especially of humor) having something unpleasant such as death, illness, or misfortune as its subject and dealing with it in an offensive way. informal adjectiveThis was someone's idea of a sick joke.
185. Sickening: Causing or liable to cause a feeling of nausea or disgust. adjective
A sickening stench of blood.
186. Sinister: Giving the impression that something harmful or evil is happening or will happen. adjective
There was something sinister about that murmuring voice.
187. Slimy: Covered by or having the feel or consistency of slime. adjective
The thick, slimy mud.
188. Smelly: Having a strong or unpleasant smell. adjective Smelly feet.
A: Noisy crying. noun Regina couldn't hear her over her sobbing.
B: Cying noisily. adjective Karla collapsed in a sobbing heap at the feet of the other girls.
190. Sorry: Feeling sadness, sympathy, or disappointment, especially because something unpleasant has happened or been done. adjective
I'm just sorry about all the trouble I've caused her.
191. Spiteful: Showing or caused by malice. adjective The teachers made spiteful little jokes about me.
A: (of the weather) hot and damp; muggy. adjectiveIt was an unusually hot and sticky summer.
B: Involving problems; difficult or awkward. informal adjectiveThe relationship is going through a sticky patch.
193. Stinky: Having a strong or unpleasant smell. informal adjective
194. Stormy: (of weather) characterized by strong winds and usually rain, thunder, lightning, or snow. adjective
A dark and stormy night.
195. Stressful: Causing mental or emotional stress. adjective
Corporate finance work can be stressful.
A: In a difficult situation, or unable to change or get away from a situation. adjectiveWe'd be stuck if your sister hadn't offered to come over and look after the children tonight.
B: Not able to continue reading, answering questions, etc. because something is too difficult. adjectiveI'm really stuck - do you have any idea how to answer these questions?
A: Having or showing a great lack of intelligence or common sense. adjectiveI was stupid enough to think she was perfect.
B: A stupid person (often used as a term of address). informal noun
You're not a coward, stupid!
A: Below the usual or required standard. adjectiveSubstandard housing.
B: Another term for nonstandard. adjectiveSubstandard spellings.
A: Have an idea or impression of the existence, presence, or truth of (something) without certain proof. verb
If you suspect a gas leak, do not turn on an electric light.
B: Doubt the genuineness or truth of. verbA broker whose honesty he had no reason to suspect.
C: A person thought to be guilty of a crime or offense. nounThe police have arrested a suspect.
D: Not to be relied on or trusted; possibly dangerous or false. adjectiveA suspect package was found on the platform.
200. Suspicious: Having or showing a cautious distrust of someone or something. adjective
He was suspicious of her motives.
A: (especially of a muscle or someone's body) stretched tight or rigid. adjectiveShe tried to relax her tense muscles.
B: Become tense, typically through anxiety or nervousness. verb
Her body tensed up.
A: Extremely or distressingly bad or serious. adjectiveA terrible crime.
B: Causing or likely to cause terror; sinister. adjectiveThe stranger gave a terrible smile.
203. Terrifying: Causing extreme fear. adjectiveThe terrifying events of the past few weeks.
204. Threatening: Having a hostile or deliberately frightening quality or manner. adjective Her mother had received a threatening letter.
A: Unpleasant or repulsive, especially in appearance. adjectivePeople in school always told me I was ugly.
B: Involving or likely to involve violence or other unpleasantness. adjectiveThe mood in the room turned ugly.
A: Erode the base or foundation of (a rock formation). verb
The flow of water had undermined pillars supporting the roof.
B: Lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously. verbThis could undermine years of hard work.
207. Unfair: Not based on or behaving according to the principles of equality and justice. adjective At times like these the legal system appears inhumane and unfair.
A: Expressing or showing a lack of approval or support. adjectiveSingle mothers are often the target of unfavorable press attention.
B: Adverse; inauspicious. adjectiveIt would be unwise to sell the company while the economic circumstances are sounfavorable.
209. Unhappy: Not happy. adjective
An unhappy marriage.
210. Unhealthy: Harmful to health. adjective
An unhealthy diet.
211. Unjust: Not based on or behaving according to what is morally right and fair. adjective
Resistance to unjust laws.
212. Unlucky: Having, bringing, or resulting from bad luck. adjective
An unlucky defeat.
213. Unpleasant: Causing discomfort, unhappiness, or revulsion; disagreeable. adjective
An unpleasant smell.
214. Unsatisfactory: Unacceptable because poor or not good enough. adjective
An unsatisfactory situation.
215. Unsightly: Unpleasant to look at; ugly. adjective
216. Untoward: Unexpected and inappropriate or inconvenient. adjectiveBoth tried to behave as if nothing untoward had happened.
217. Unwanted: Not or no longer desired. adjectiveAffairs can lead to unwanted pregnancies.
218. Unwelcome: (of a guest or new arrival) not gladly received. adjective Guards kept out unwelcome visitors.
219. Unwholesome: Not characterized by or conducive to health or moral well-being. adjective The use of the living room as sleeping quarters led to unwholesome crowding.
220. Unwieldy: Difficult to carry or move because of its size, shape, or weight. adjectiveThe first mechanical clocks were large and unwieldy.
221. Unwise: (of a person or action) not wise or sensible; foolish. adjective It is unwise to rely on hearsay evidence.
A: Make (someone) unhappy, disappointed, or worried. verbThe accusation upset her.
B: Knock (something) over. verbHe upset a tureen of soup.
C: Cause disorder in (something); disrupt. verbThe dam will upset the ecological balance.
D: A state of being unhappy, disappointed, or worried. nounDomestic upsets.
E: A disturbance of a person's digestive system. nounA stomach upset.
F: Unhappy, disappointed, or worried. adjectiveShe looked pale and upset.
223. Vice: Immoral or wicked behavior. noun An open sewer of vice and crime.
A: Deliberately cruel or violent. adjectiveA vicious assault"
B: Immoral. literary adjectiveEvery soul on earth, virtuous or vicious, shall perish.
225. Vile: Extremely unpleasant. adjectiveHe has a vile temper.
226. Villainous: Relating to, constituting, or guilty of wicked or criminal behavior. adjective
His group of villainous accomplices are wreaking havoc on the city.
227. Vindictive: Having or showing a strong or unreasoning desire for revenge. adjective The criticism was both vindictive and personalized.
228. Wary: Feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems. adjectiveDogs that have been mistreated often remain very wary of strangers.
A: Feeling or showing tiredness, especially as a result of excessive exertion or lack of sleep. adjective
He gave a long, weary sigh.
B: Cause to become tired. verb
She was wearied by her persistent cough.
230. Wicked: Evil or morally wrong. adjective
A wicked and unscrupulous politician.
231. Woeful: Characterized by, expressive of, or causing sorrow or misery. adjective
Her face was woeful.
232. Worthless: Having no real value or use. adjective
That promise is worthless.
A: An injury to living tissue caused by a cut, blow, or other impact, typically one in which the skin is cut or broken. noun
A knife wound.
B: Inflict an injury on (someone). verbThe sergeant was seriously wounded.
A: To shout something or make a loud noise, usually when you are angry, in pain, or excited.verb
Our neighbours were yelling (obscenities) at each other this morning.
B: A loud shout, usually when you are angry, in pain, or excited. nounSuddenly there was a loud yell from the bathroom.
235. Yucky: Messy or disgusting. adjective informal
Yucky green-gray slushy cabbage.
236. Zero: No or none; used to emphasize that something does not exist. adjectiveThere's still zero evidence that she was directly involved in the decision.